Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Egypt Constructing Factories for Battery Powered Autos

Between the shut of this yr’s local weather convention in Sharm el Sheikh and the 2023 local weather occasion slated for December 2023 within the UAE, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt are all working to place themselves as new electrical car powerhouses.

Signaling an period the place next-generation electrical autos are made in a area most strongly related to fossil fuels, producers within the three nations are seeing new types of authorities backing and technology-driven partnerships with worldwide automotive corporations.

Saudi Arabia, the world’s largest oil exporter, has set essentially the most formidable targets for electrical car manufacturing.

Final month Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman launched the primary Saudi car model Ceer to design, manufacture, and promote sedans and sports activities utility autos focusing on customers within the kingdom and the broader Center East.

Ceer is a three way partnership between the Saudi Public Funding Fund and Chinese language manufacturing conglomerate Foxconn, which can license element know-how from BMW.

“Power and transport developments are very near the crown prince’s coronary heart. that is why he put the Ceer firm underneath the umbrella of the Public Funding Fund, which he instantly oversees,” mentioned Joseph Salem, lead Journey & Transport accomplice at Arthur D. Little in Riyadh.

The nation goals to fabricate greater than 150,000 electrical vehicles yearly by 2026.

Right now, each car on the highway in Saudi Arabia is an import.

“The crown prince authorized the aggressive set targets for EV adoption,” mentioned Salem.

Salem’s agency is working with Saudi officers to implement insurance policies that incentivize changing a fleet dominated by inner combustion engine vehicles and buses with electrical autos.

The marketing consultant mentioned environmental imperatives and emissions commitments made by the Saudi authorities to the world are the primary driver of the push to construct EVs within the kingdom.

“Nevertheless, there’s additionally an financial factor that’s associated to the equation,” Salem defined.

“Right now the mobility sector is wholly pushed by carbon-emission autos. To maneuver these autos, it’s important to use oil which is at the moment offered domestically at a value that’s sponsored by the federal government.”

“By constructing electrical autos domestically, they’ll save the oil and export it to the exterior market. The identical logic applies towards renewable vitality manufacturing efforts within the kingdom,” Salem mentioned.


Previous makes an attempt to construct so-called “nationwide” vehicles within the area have faltered over high quality points and a scarcity of name enthusiasm.

Within the early Sixties, the Egyptian-built compact “Ramses” symbolized the county’s drive for self-sufficiency.

Whereas promoted by Egypt’s post-colonial chief, President Gamal Abdel Nasser, Ramses’ five-to-six-cars per day meeting line and repute for mechanical unreliability doomed the nationwide model.

Nasser stored his presidential car, a 1962 Cadillac Fleetwood.

By 1972, the state-owned Al-Nasr Automotive manufacturing facility discontinued Ramses’ manufacturing.

The Al-Nasr firm switched to producing Fiat fashions licensed by Turkish producer Tofaş.

In January, President Abdel Fattah El-Sissi reprised notes of Nasserist ambition, telling the World Youth Discussion board in Sharm El-Sheikh that he was personally dedicated to seeing EVs in-built Egypt.

“We’ve got moved rapidly to ascertain a partnership with many corporations to provide electrical vehicles in Egypt,” El-Sisi mentioned. “Beginning in 2023, we’ll produce the primary Egyptian electrical automotive.”

On the identical occasion, Hisham Tawfiq, Minister for Public Enterprises, introduced that military-owned Al-Nasr Automotive was negotiating with Chinese language auto producers to meet the presidential directive.

In the meantime, within the nation’s non-public sector, Basic Motors and its Egyptian accomplice Al Mansour Automotive are constructing a facility to roll out Cadillac’s all-electric midsize luxurious SUV Lyriq in Egypt by the tip of subsequent yr.

GM Center East plans to launch 13 all-new EVs, constructing an EV line-up that features the Chevrolet Bolt Electrical Utility, a Hummer EV.

Within the run-up to the domestically hosted COP 27 convention, Egypt made seen strides in constructing a community of DC fast-charging charging stations required by an electrical fleet.

Infinity Energy- a three way partnership between Egypt’s Infinity Power firm and the UAE agency Masdar- is already working round 440 charging factors throughout the nation.

The corporate feeds the community electrical energy from the huge 37.2 sq. kilometer (14.4 sq. mile) Benban photo voltaic park in Aswan.

“We count on to see as much as seven thousand extra electrical autos on the highway in 2023 with an annual 10% improve going ahead,” mentioned advertising and marketing director Karim El Gazzar. “We’re fulfilling the federal government’s plans to construct a strong ecosystem for EVs.”


In 1961 Turkish President Cemal Gürsel summoned a gaggle of native engineers to construct a automotive wholly designed and produced in Turkey known as Devrim.

That car barely made it by a Republic Day check run from Istanbul to Ankara -and clocked a fair shorter manufacturing run than Egypt’s Ramses.

However 5 many years of regular partnerships with Fiat, Renault, Toyota, Honda, Hyundai, and Ford have helped Turkey rank at quantity 13 on the earth for vehicle manufacturing.

Final yr vehicles, vehicles, motorized vehicle components, and equipment have been the nation’s high export incomes $25 billion in income for Turkey.

Vehicles, gentle industrial autos, and buses have been a selected stand out for Turkey, accounting for nearly 40 % of its automotive business in 2020.

And 2022 has seen Turkish meeting traces producing and promoting EVs within the truck and bus sector.

Ford Otosan, a three way partnership between Ford Motor Co. and Koç Holding, shipped the all-electric E-Transit cargo van in April, simply two months after clients within the U.S. began receiving orders from the corporate’s Kansas Metropolis plant in Missouri.

In response to an organization assertion, Ford Otosan’s plant in Kocaeli, Turkey, plans to start out manufacturing of the Transit Customized’s %100 electrical model within the second half of 2023.

“Ford Otosan is investing greater than two billion {dollars} and rising employment by round 3,000 to extend car manufacturing capability, together with for the next-generation Transit Customized mannequin,” mentioned basic supervisor Güven Özyurt.

In the meantime, the Bursa-based producer Karsan is main within the electrical minibus and bus subject, accounting for 90% of Turkey’s exports.

The corporate’s electrical buses are already on the roads in 16 nations, together with the U.S.. Karsan operates its autonomous e-ATAK on a 4-kilometer route at Michigan State College simply 140 km northwest of the American vehicle capital of Detroit.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is voicing his enthusiasm for the electrical car business.

“With mass manufacturing, the identify of our nation and our manufacturers on this sector might be well-known. Erdoğan mentioned. “The world is shifting in the direction of clear vitality, and we’ll by no means fall behind on this subject.”

Erdoğan is visibly related to the brand new Turkish e-vehicle producer Togg which goals to provide 175,000 midsize SUV’s a yr at its 4,300-worker Gemlik Campus situated about 125 km south of Istanbul.

In an October echo of his predecessor Gürsel, the president took First Woman Emine Erdoğan alongside for a check drive of the Togg on Republic Day.

“After all, Turkey has the engineering expertise and manufacturing capability to construct a top-line electrical automotive,” mentioned Kaan Kurşun, an Istanbul entrepreneur and co-investor with Lorenzo Schmid within the Swiss “mindset” electrical car prototype in-built 2008.

“I want the workforce at Togg may have developed an genuine model story as an alternative of peddling it as President Erdoğan’s automotive. Sure, he has many supporters in Turkey, however I do not suppose that might be compelling for customers in Dubai or Dublin, “mentioned Kurşun.

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