System 1 freshmen’ information: Scoring system, how F1 Dash works, salaries, pit cease guidelines & extra

If you happen to’re new to System 1, now could be the proper time to hitch within the enjoyable forward of the hotly anticipated 2022 season.

Following from the thrilling finish to 2021, which noticed Max Verstappen win his first world championship in controversial style on the ultimate lap of the ultimate race, there has by no means been extra pleasure forward of a gap Grand Prix.

The game is about for an additional 12 months of drama, with new automobiles and rules in place to create extra motion and produce nearer racing with a revolution in aerodynamics across the automobiles.

To get you on top of things, Sporting Information solutions all the important thing questions for any F1 newcomer.

What’s System 1?

System 1 is the head of motorsport and the best class of single-seater racing. F1 races with open-wheel automobiles, and on each everlasting race tracks and avenue circuits. F1 visits conventional racing hotspots such because the UK, Monaco, Italy and Belgium each season and has not too long ago ventured into new territories corresponding to Saudi Arabia, Singapore, the Netherlands and Azerbaijan.

MORE: Leclerc claims Pink Bull are championship favorites

F1 has a contest construction that entails 10 groups, with two drivers per staff. It’s successfully a league desk format, with factors racked up over the course of the season (extra on that later). 

The world championship was based in 1950 and is sanctioned by the FIA, which units the principles and rules. The game is exclusive as groups construct their very own distinct automobiles yearly, following the principles and rules set by the FIA. Usually they create automobiles with excessive cornering speeds. On common, F1 automobiles generate a high velocity over 200 mph (320 kph) on the straights.

Over its 70-year historical past, System 1 has been recognized to be a harmful sport, with the drivers risking their lives whereas racing. Over latest many years, security has improved drastically with automobile modifications — such because the halo over the cockpit — to guard the drivers.

What’s System 2?

System 2 is F1’s feeder sequence and is the ultimate step for junior drivers to compete in earlier than leaping into F1. The sequence makes use of the identical automobiles, tyres and engines throughout the board, which implies it’s right down to the drivers to ship on observe.

F2 races alongside F1 throughout Grand Prix weekends and acts as its help sequence over the three days. F2 will host 14 rounds in 2022 and host two races per race weekend.

A dash race takes place on Saturday afternoon after F1 qualifying. The highest 10 drivers in F2 qualifying are reversed and the race is lights to flag. On Sunday morning, the function race takes place. The outcomes from F2 qualifying type the grid and a compulsory pit cease is in place. 

F2 has developed younger, proficient drivers who’ve gone onto obtain nice success in F1. Lewis Hamilton competed within the sequence in 2006 and received the competitors then often called GP2 Collection. Different stars corresponding to Charles Leclerc, George Russell and Mick Schumacher have received the F2 championship, whereas the likes of Lando Norris, Alex Albon, Nicholas Latifi, Yuki Tsunoda and Guanyu Zhou all raced in F2. 

Who’re the 2022 F1 groups and drivers?

Ten groups and 20 drivers will make up the grid for 2022. They may battle it out for the respective constructors’ and drivers’ championships.

4 world champions will likely be on the grid this 12 months, with Max Verstappen the most recent to make the listing. He joins Lewis Hamilton, who will likely be aiming to clinch a file eighth world title, Sebastian Vettel and Fernando Alonso. 

George Russell steps as much as Mercedes this 12 months to race alongside Hamilton. He’s changing Valtteri Bottas, who has moved to Alfa Romeo. Alexander Albon returns to F1 after a 12 months out. He beforehand raced at Pink Bull for 2 seasons. He joins Williams for 2022.

Guanyu Zhou has change into the primary Chinese language driver in F1 historical past, racing with Alfa Romeo. Nikita Mazepin was to race in 2022 with Haas, however Haas canceled his contract due to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. It additionally cancled its Uralkali title partnership. Kevin Magnussen returns to F1 with Haas after racing for the staff between 2017 and 2020.

Workforce Driver 1 Driver 2
Mercedes AMG Petronas Motorsport Lewis Hamilton George Russell
Oracle Pink Bull Racing Max Verstappen Sergio Perez
Scuderia Ferrari Charles Leclerc Carlos Sainz
McLaren F1 Workforce Lando Norris Daniel Ricciardo
BWT Alpine F1 Workforce Fernando Alonso Esteban Ocon
Scuderia AlphaTauri Pierre Gasly Yuki Tsunoda
Aston Martin Aramco Cognizant Sebastian Vettel Lance Stroll
Williams Racing Nicholas Latifi Alexander Albon
Alfa Romeo F1 Workforce Orlen Valtteri Bottas Guanyu Zhou
Haas F1 Workforce Mick Schumacher Kevin Magnussen

How a lot are F1 drivers paid? 

System 1 drivers earn massive salaries for his or her job along with endorsement offers. The present set of contracts ranges from $500,000 to $50 million a 12 months. 

In 2022, Lewis Hamilton and Max Verstappen would be the highest-paid drivers on the grid, with each incomes round $50 million a 12 months. Verstappen not too long ago signed a brand new contract that retains him at Pink Bull till the top of 2028. His deal is probably the most profitable within the historical past of the game.

In distinction, rookie Yuki Tsunoda was the lowest-paid driver of 2021 with a wage of $500,000 from AlphaTauri.

MORE: Sporting Information’ F1 predictions roundtable

What number of F1 races are there in 2022?

System 1 will race at 23 completely different circuits, in what’s more likely to be 22 nations, in the course of the 2022 season. The present quantity on the calendar is 22 races in 21 nations, with the Russian Grand Prix having been canceled due to the invasion of Ukraine. A alternative race has but to be confirmed. 

The 2022 marketing campaign begins with the Bahrain Grand Prix on the Sakhir Worldwide Circuit on March 20. The season finale will happen on the Yas Marina Circuit for the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix on Nov. 20, simply because it did final season.

Miami is scheduled to host its first F1 race this 12 months. Drivers will race round Exhausting Rock Stadium on Could 8. Australia, Canada, Singapore and Japan return to the F1 calendar after a two-year absence because of COVID-19 restrictions.

Date Grand Prix Nation Observe
March 20 Bahrain Grand Prix Bahrain Sakhir Worldwide Circuit
March 27 Saudi Arabian Grand Prix Saudi Arabia Jeddah Corniche Circuit
April 10 Australian Grand Prix Australia Albert Park
April 24 Emilia Romagna Grand Prix Italy Imola Circuit
Could 8 Miami Grand Prix USA Miami Worldwide Autodrome
Could 22 Spanish Grand Prix Spain Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya
Could 29 Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Circuit de Monaco
June 12 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Azerbaijan Baku Metropolis Circuit
June 19 Canadian Grand Prix Canada Circuit Gilles Villeneuve
July 3 British Grand Prix United Kingdom Silverstone Circuit
July 10 Austrian Grand Prix Austria Pink Bull Ring
July 24 French Grand Prix France Circuit Paul Ricard
July 31 Hungarian Grand Prix Hungary Hungaroring
Aug. 28 Belgian Grand Prix Belgium Circuit de Spa Francorchamps
Sept. 4 Dutch Grand Prix Netherlands Circuit Zandvoort
Sept. 11 Italian Grand Prix Italy Monza Circuit
Oct. 2 Singapore Grand Prix Singapore Marina Bay Avenue Circuit
Oct. 9 Japanese Grand Prix Japan Suzuka Circuit
Oct. 23 United States Grand Prix USA Circuit of the Americas
Oct. 30 Mexico Metropolis Grand Prix Mexico Autodromo Hermanos Rodriguez
Nov. 13 Sao Paulo Grand Prix Brazil Interlagos Circuit
Nov. 20 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix UAE Yas Marina Circuit

What occurs throughout an F1 race weekend?

A race weekend takes place from Friday to Sunday. The weekend consists of three one-hour Free Observe classes; two happen on Friday (FP1 and FP2), and the one takes place Saturday morning (FP3).

An hour of qualifying break up into three classes takes place Saturday afternoon. That kinds the beginning grid for the race Sunday, with the format detailed under. 

The race is the principle occasion of the weekend, and it is the place the factors are delivered to the groups and drivers. The drivers race one another across the circuit for 190 miles (305 km), usually throughout two hours,  however race can take as much as 4 hours relying on crimson flags (that’s to say, the race needing to be suspended because of a crash).

The race options parts of technique, with pit stops and gas administration to think about. Incidents have a huge impact, too; they result in security automobiles and digital security automobiles (that means no overtakes and a restricted velocity).

MORE: Explaining the large F1 rule modifications for 2022

How does F1 qualifying work?

Qualifying is used to find out the grid positions for the race on Sunday and historically takes place on a Saturday — or on a Friday afternoon throughout Dash weekends (detailed subsequent on this information).

The session is break up into three components. In Q1, all drivers take the observe to set the quickest lap time potential in 18 minutes. The slowest 5 drivers are dropped from the session and can begin the race from their ending place. Q2 repeats the method, however with 15 drivers and in quarter-hour.

The highest 10 in Q2 progress to Q3, the place they battle for pole place in a 12-minute shootout session. The quickest time earns the pole and can begin the race on Sunday in first place. Second via tenth place are decided by the next-fastest laps.  

For the 2022 season, drivers can have a free alternative of which tyres they’ll use to begin the race. They now not have to stay with the compound they use in Q3. 

Qualifying throughout a Dash weekend alters the construction. The session takes place Friday afternoon, changing FP2. These outcomes decide the grid for the Dash, the place the drivers will race Saturday afternoon for his or her grid slot for the principle occasion on Sunday.

What’s F1 Dash?

In a bid to enhance the leisure worth of a race weekend, F1 proposed and trialed a dash format in 2021 at three race weekends — and the format has returned for 2022. Sprints are designed to create extra racing motion and alter up the grid forward of Sunday with an additional, shortened race on Saturday.

Conventional qualifying, usually held on a Saturday, will happen on Friday and type the grid for the dash. The drivers will compete at a one-third race distance; the highest eight finishers will earn factors towards their championship standing. Throughout a dash weekend, the driving force who finishes first in qualifying will earn pole place, however the driver who finishes first within the dash will earn the best to begin the race from first. 

The sprints in 2022 will happen on the Emilia Romagna Grand Prix in Italy, the Austrian Grand Prix and the Sao Paulo Grand Prix in Brazil.

The sprint winner will start the race from Pole Position for the race on Sunday

Getty Photos / Pink Bull Content material Pool

What are the F1 tyre and pit cease guidelines? 

Pirelli provides the tyres and produces three compounds for the groups to make use of over the weekend: softs, mediums and hards.

Softs are the quickest tyres, however in addition they put on away rapidly, whereas the hards are the slowest however have an extended sturdiness. Groups use the follow classes to type their technique and perceive the tyres for the race. In qualifying, the groups use the delicate tyres to provide the quickest lap occasions.

Softs, mediums and hards are the dry, slick tyres, whereas the intermediates and wets are used for moist situations. Throughout a dry race, everybody should use a minimum of two completely different compounds of the slick tyres. If it rains, they’re permitted to make use of any compound.  

Throughout the race, groups should make a minimum of one pit cease to alter tyres, the place 23 mechanics all work on the automobile, change tyres and make any modifications on the automobile, typically in beneath three seconds. The quickest pit cease recorded in F1 was by Pink Bull Racing, which managed to execute a pit cease in 1.82 seconds on the 2019 Brazilian Grand Prix. 

What number of pit stops F1 groups determine to take is as much as them, however they use free follow classes to get a really feel for the tyres and perceive the extent of tyre degradation on their automobile. Groups will run race simulations over the three classes earlier than finalizing a technique for the race: whether or not they wish to do one cease, two stops and even three stops. A staff’s technique can change over the course of the race with incidents, security automobiles and crimson flags taking part in an element. 

Within the occasion of an incident the place the driving force might take harm to the tyres, the mechanics can change them with a brand new set of tyres. If there’s a damaged entrance wing, they’ll change the wing in beneath eight seconds. Injury to the rear wing, suspension, engine and extra require additional work within the storage and F1 groups will usually retire the automobile for occasions corresponding to these. 

How a lot does an F1 automobile price? 

F1 automobiles are very costly. They price thousands and thousands to create, develop and race yearly. F1 automobiles are sometimes created to race for only one season and are given upgrades and new components over the 12 months to keep up high efficiency and keep near the sector. 

The price of an F1 automobile varies from staff to staff relying on their finances for development and growth of recent components. For instance, the chassis of an F1 automobile can price as much as $700,000 whereas the halo across the driver is round $17,000. The most costly piece of the automobile, nonetheless, is the engine. A brand new engine for an F1 automobile and all its elements can price as much as $18 million.

In complete, a median F1 automobile prices round $20 million per 12 months.

What’s the points-scoring system in F1?

Factors are awarded to the highest 10 finishers in a Grand Prix. The winner receives 25 factors, second place collects 18 factors and third place good points 15 factors. 

Place Factors Scored
1 25
2 18
3 15
4 12
5 10
6 8
7 6
8 4
9 2
10 1
11-20 0

An extra level is awarded to the driving force with the quickest lap, however the driver wants to complete within the high 10 to gather that time.

For the dash, extra factors will likely be on provide for the highest eight drivers, with the winner incomes eight factors. P2 via P8 will earn seven, six, 5, 4, three, two and one level, respectively.

For 2022, a brand new factors system has been launched for races halted in the course of the Grand Prix because of an incident, dangerous climate or a scenario the place a race cannot go forward. This was a response to the 2021 Belgian Grand Prix, the place the race was canceled after two laps due to torrential rain and half-points had been awarded.

  • No factors will likely be awarded until the minimal of two laps have been accomplished beneath inexperienced flag situations.
  • Factors will likely be awarded on a 6–4–3–2–1 foundation to the highest 5 if lower than 25 p.c of the race is accomplished.
  • Factors will likely be awarded on a 13–10–8–6–5–4–3–2–1 foundation to the highest 9 if between 25 p.c and 50 p.c of the race is accomplished.
  • Factors will likely be awarded on a 19–14–12–9–8–6–5–3–2–1 foundation to the highest 10 if 50 p.c to 75 p.c of the race is accomplished.

If greater than 75 p.c of the scheduled race distance is accomplished, then full factors will likely be awarded to the highest 10.

The factors are added up over the course of the season and go towards the drivers’ and constructors’ championship. The driving force and staff with probably the most factors on the finish of the season are topped champions. 

Who has received probably the most F1 world championships? 

Thirty-four completely different drivers have received the world championship, with icons Michael Schumacher and Lewis Hamilton each having received seven, tied for probably the most within the historical past of System 1.

Schumacher clinched titles in 1994 and 1995 with Benetton earlier than shifting to Ferrari, the place he received 5 consecutive titles from 2000 via 2004.

Hamilton received his first title in 2008 with McLaren earlier than switching to Mercedes in 2013. He went on to win titles in six of the subsequent seven seasons. 

Max Verstappen received his first championship in 2021. Sebastian Vettel and Fernando Alonso are the one different drivers on the grid who’ve received titles. Vettel received 4 in a row with Pink Bull from 2010 via 2013; Alonso achieved his in 2005 and 2006 with Renault. 

Lengthy earlier than the arrival of Schumacher and Hamilton, Argentina’s Juan Manuel Fangio held the file for probably the most titles with 5. He received them within the early years of F1 in 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956 and 1957. Alain Prost received 4 titles within the Eighties and Nineties whereas additionally forming an iconic rivalry with Brazil’s Ayrton Senna, who received three titles throughout that interval. 

What TV channel is F1 on?

ESPN will broadcast System 1 for viewers within the U.S., with fuboTV additionally carrying the motion by way of dwell stream.

UK viewers can watch each session dwell on Sky Sports activities F1. Channel 4 will broadcast qualifying and race highlights. 

Viewers in Australia can watch on Fox Sports activities channels and on Community Ten.

Now you already know the principle ins and outs of System 1. You are ready for the brand new season and for the season opener in Bahrain. With new automobiles and rules in place to create nearer racing, there isn’t any higher time to hitch the motion and comply with the season forward.

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